受教育程度与电车难题

The main goal of this study is to test whether there is an association between the people’s ethnic/cultural identity and the framing effect on them. The questionnaire is composed by a Multigroup Ethic Identity Measure (MEIM) and three decision-making problems setting in fictional scenarios. The ethnic identities of the participants are tested by the MEIM, which is first published in 1992 and has subsequently been used in dozens of studies. The MEIM shows good reliability, typically with alphas above 0.80 across a wide range of ethnic groups and ages. (Robert, 1999) MEIM can be thought as a comprising of two factors, the ethnic identity search and level of affirmation, belong, and commitment. The impact of framing effect on participants is measured through three fictional laboratory scenarios, which are based on trolley problem (Thomson, 1985) and asian disease problem (Tversky&Kahneman, 1981). The three scenarios include one neutral frame, one positive frame and one negative frame.

Summary
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